An experimental and theoretical study of molecular structure and vibrational spectra of 2-chloronicotinic acid by density functional theory and ab initio Hartree-Fock calculations
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In this work, the Fourier transform Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectra of 2-chloronicotinic acid (2-CNA) are recorded in the solid phase. The molecular geometry, vibrational frequencies, infrared intensities and Raman scattering activities of 2-CNA in ground state have been calculated by using ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional (B3LYP and B3PW91) methods with 6-31 G(d) and 6-311 G(d) basis sets level. On the basis of the comparison between calculated and experimental results and the comparison with related molecule, assignments of fundamental vibrational modes are examined. The optimized geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles) obtained by using HF show the best agreement with the experimental values of 2-CNA. Comparison of the observed fundamental vibrational frequencies of 2-CNA and calculated results by density functional (B3LYP and B3PW91) and Hartree-Fock methods indicates that B3LYP is superior to the scaled Hartree-Fock and B3PW91 approach for molecular vibrational problems. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.