Potent Inhibitory Effects of Some Phenolic Acids on Lactoperoxidase
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Lactoperoxidase (LPO) plays a key role in immune response against pathogens. In this study, we examined the effects of some phenolic acids on LPO. For this purpose, bovine milk LPO was purified 380.85-fold with a specific activity of 26.66EU/mg and overall yield of 73.33% by using Amberlite CG-50 H+ resin and CNBr-activated Sepharose-4B-l-tyrosine-sulfanilamide affinity chromatography. After purification, the in vitro effects of phenolic acids (tannic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5- dihydroxybenzoic acid, chlorogenic acid, sinapic acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, salicylic acid, and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid) were investigated on LPO. These phenolic acids showed potent inhibitory effect on LPO. K-i values for these phenolic acids were found as 0.0129nM, 0.132M, 0.225M, 0.286M, 0.333M, 2.33M, 10.82M, 0.076mM, and 0.405mM, respectively. Sinapic acid and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid exhibited noncompetitive inhibition; 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid showed uncompetitive inhibition, and other phenolic acids showed competitive inhibition.