The pathways of Akhism to the Balkans [Ahiligin Balkanlara geçiş yollari]
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In this article, some features in Akhism have been researched supports of the akhs during the establishment of the Ottoman State and passage to the Balkans. Besides, settlement of the Akhism and spreading have been examined in Balkans. Akhism ,which is effective in many areas of society in the middle ages in Anatolia and the Balkans , account for our text. Dervishes have a special location important shareholders in being Turkish land of Anatolia. Conquest of Anatolia and Islamization and during the establishment of the Ottoman State, sufistic life has become one of the most importent issues. The akhs had the duty to carry out the constraction and the reclamation of the country and the propagation of religious propoganda in cities came end settled nail or vacant places to be protected and turned them into avillage, a culturel center During the foundation of the Ottoman, the conquest of Westren Anatolian principals on the Byzantine lands helped to establish Turkish faundations in the border regions. The settlement of Ottomans in Rumeli is important both in terms of Ottoman history and European history If the Turks did not go to Rumelia, The Ottomans would not be the history of the Balkans .The Ottoman Empire would remain a small state like the other Turkmen states. The settlement system they applied in the regions they conquered by the Ottomans was carried out by dervishes and pioneer units. Thay usually do tasks find empty lands, make their own place and dormitory Islam was spread in the Balkans as a result of the resettlement activities of ahis and the dervishes. With another expression, integration with Islam and Turkish culture had been provided. Especially, akhs , who had been in frontier, performed active tasks, in the expansion of the territory, in being a Muslim (entering Islam) and in the establishment of janissary. In Rumelia's Islamization, behavior of the dervish clumps and manners of the akhs are extremely important. In the middle ages, those groups, who are against Christian juristic system and justice mechanism, put into practice a new system of social justice. These organizations, who are along with regular and organized armies or outgoing conquest movements before armies, conveniently located in the districts and conqerred with Islamic moral people living in the region. Ottoman sultans became in close contact with akhs dervishes in conquests in Rumelia (Rumeli). Furthermore, Ottoman sultans, in close contact with akhs dervishes, carried out Islamization- Turkization movements and reconstruction works. Akhism organizations, which up to reached and spread to villages, besides being dominant commercial, had established welfares institutions with earned incomes. On the one hand, while Ottoman State lasted self development, on the other hand, this state provided self settlement with the help of civil and religious organizations.