Elastic and phonon properties of quaternary Heusler alloys CoFeCrZ (Z = Al, Si, Ga and Ge) from density functional theory
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The structural, elastic and phonon properties of the quaternary CoFeCrZ (Z=Al, Si, Ga and Ge) Heusler alloys have been investigated using the generalized gradient approximation method within density functional theory. The ground-state properties, including, lattice constant and bulk modulus are in good agreement with the available theoretical and experimental data. The elastic constants C-ij are computed using the stress-strain technique. The calculated results indicate that CoFeCrZ (Z=Al, Si, Ga and Ge) alloys are ductile materials. Debye temperatures are predicted from calculated elastic constants. The phonon dispersion relations of CoFeCrZ (Z=Al, Si, Ga and Ge) alloys are calculated for the first time using the density functional theory and the direct method with 2x2x2 supercell.