Copper-doped TiO 2 photocatalysts: application to drinking water by humic matter degradation
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The aim of this study was to determine the photocatalytic performance of copper-doped TiO 2 (Cu-TiO 2 ) specimens on the degradation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) represented by a model humic acid (HA). TiO 2 was synthesized by sol-gel method from an alkoxide precursor. Cu-doped TiO 2 specimens containing 0.25 wt% and 0.50 wt% Cu were prepared by wet impregnation method using sol-gel synthesized as well as bare TiO 2 P-25 and characterized by XRD, SEM, XPS, Raman spectroscopy, UV-DRS, and BET measurements. Their photocatalytic activities were evaluated with regard to degradation kinetics of HA in terms of UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopic parameters and organic contents. HA fluorescence excitation emission matrix (EEM) contour plots indicated that the solar photocatalytic degradation pathway was TiO 2 -type specific and Cu dopant content. © 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.