MTPA Control of IPMSM Drives Based on Virtual Signal Injection Considering Machine Parameter Variations
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Due to parameter variations with stator currents, the derivatives of machine parameters with respect to current angle or d-axis current are not zero. However, these derivative terms are ignored by most of mathematical model based efficiency optimized control schemes. Therefore, even though the accurate machine parameters are known, these control schemes cannot calculate the accurate efficiency optimized operation points. In this paper, the influence of these derivative terms on maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control is analyzed and a method to take into account these derivative terms for MTPA operation is proposed based on the recently reported virtual signal injection control (VSIC) method for interior permanent magnet synchronous machine (IPMSM) drives. The proposed control method is demonstrated by both simulations and experiments under various operating conditions on prototype IPMSM drive systems.