The Mitochondrial Genomes of Neuropteridan Insects and Implications for the Phylogeny of Neuroptera
MetadataShow full item record
The higher-level phylogeny of Neuroptera is explored here based on the newly determined mitochondrial genomic data, with a special focus on the interfamilial relationships of this group. Despite considerable progress in our understanding of neuropteran relationships, several mutually exclusive hypotheses have come out according to morphology-based analyses and molecular sequence data. The evaluation of these hypotheses is hampered by the limited taxonomic coverage of previous studies. In this paper, we sequenced four mitochondrial genomes to improve the taxonomic sampling for families: Myrmeleontidae, Ascalaphidae and outgroup Corydalidae. Phylogenetic analyses were run using various inference methods to (1) confirm that Coniopterygidae is sister to all other Neuroptera; (2) place Hemerobiidae as sister to Chrysopidae; (3) support the monophyly of Myrmeleontiformia and define its interfamilial relationships; and (4) recover Myrmeleontidae as paraphyletic due to the nested Ascalaphidae.