Evaluation of index of cardiac-electrophysiological balance before and after hemodialysis in patients with end-stage renal disease
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Background: Ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac deaths are the most common cause of mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Index of cardiac-electrophysiological balance (iCEB) (QT/QRS) may predict malignant ventricular arrhythmias. In this study, we investigated whether iCEB value is increased in ESRD patients and whether it changes before and after hemodialysis. Methods: The study included 52 ESRD patients and 53 control subjects matched for age and comorbidities. Biochemical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic values of all participants were recorded. QRS, QT, Tp-e were measured manually. QTC was calculated using Bazett's formula. Then, Tp-e/QT, Tp-e/QTc, QT/QRS, and QTc/QRS ratios were calculated. The changes in ECG parameters of the ESRD patients before and after HD were compared using paired t-test. Results: Mean age and male sex ratio was comparable in both groups (p = 0.448 and p = 0.777, respectively). Comorbidity incidences, and biochemical parameters except eGFR (p < 0.001), albumin (p < 0.001), HDL cholesterol (p = 0.03) and platelet counts (p < 0.001) were comparable in both groups. Compared to the control group, QT, QTc, Tp-e, Tp-e/QT, Tp-e/QTc, QT/QRS, and QTc/QRS ratios were higher in the ESRD group (p < 0.05 for each). While QT and QTc intervals did not change after HD in ESRD patients, Tp-e, Tp-e/QT, Tp-e/QTc, QT/QRS, and QTc/QRS parameters increased significantly. Conclusion: In addition to ventricular repolarization dispersion indices in ESRD patients, iCEB elevation and increasing values after HD session indicate the increased risk of TdP-mediated ventricular arrhythmia after HD. Larger studies are needed to confirm our results. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.