Red cell distribution width and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio predict left ventricular dysfunction in acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
AuthorKarakas, Mustafa Serkan
Altekin, Refik Emre
Ozbek, Sinan Cemgil
MetadataShow full item record
Objectives: Red cell distribution width (RDW) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are the two markers used to determine risk of mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The relationship between RDW, NLR, and left ventricular (LV) systolic functions has not been reported. In this report, we aimed to investigate the relationship between RDW, NLR, and LV systolic function in anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: RDW and NLR were measured on admission in 106 STEMI patients treated with primary PCI. Patients were divided into two groups according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), as Group I (systolic dysfunction, LVEF <50%) and Group II (preserved global left ventricle systolic function, LVEF >= 50%). The first group included 47 patients and the second group included 59 patients. Results: Mean RDW and NLR were significantly higher in Group I compared to Group II [13.7 +/- 0.9% vs. 13.4 +/- 0.7%, p = 0.03 and 5.86 (range, 0.66-40.50) vs. 2.75 (range, 0.51-39.39), p = 0.013, respectively]. Conclusion: Increased RDW and NLR on admission, in anterior STEMI patients treated with primary PCI are associated with LV systolic dysfunction. (C) 2015 The Authors. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University.