EVALUATION of YOUNG FARMERS PROJECT SUPPORT PROGRAM in TERMS of AGRI-ENTREPRENEURSHIP in TURKEY
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Turkey has top rankings in the world in terms of the importance of the agricultural sector in economy and agricultural production value, although it can not be said that the agriculture sector has reached the desired level of entrepreneurship. Factors such as the unwillingness of young people to stay in rural areas and the fact that agricultural sector is not profitable enough to invest are influential in this. Turkey has made considerable strides in supporting entrepreneurship, especially after the 2000s and has achieved a major trend in the entrepreneurship in recent years. Henceforth, the most important stones of the new economy system, the entrepreneurship and innovation culture, must be instilled into the young population and the young entrepreneurs should be supported. For this purpose, in order to support young people in the agriculture sector, a policy instrument called "Youth Farmer Projects Support (GcPD)" was added to the "National Agricultural Project" in 2016. By supporting young farmers with this support policy, encouraging young people to be in agriculture and supporting entrepreneurship are important goals. The purpose of this study is the evaluation of the Young Farmer Project Support in Turkey in terms of entrepreneurship. In this context, a survey study was carried out in Turkey's TR 71 Zone (Aksaray, Kirikkale, Kirsehir, Nevsehir and Nigde) and a total of 248 young farmers (139 supported, 109 applied but not entitled to support) were interviewed. In the analysis of the data, Factor and Compliance Analyzes were used. As a result, Young Farmer Project Support with the aspect of encouraging young people in agriculture in rural areas is a shot in the arm but these supports have to be aimed at creating an economically sustainable business. Improving the entrepreneurial spirit of the entrepreneur, which is one of the factors of production in the optimization of agriculture, requires more support of the sector in this respect and more support to entrepreneurial individuals. Supporting small businesses and enterprises that do not have sufficient financing for production only with grant awards will not advance these supports beyond social assistance.