THE EFFECT OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON WHEAT YIELD IN TURKEY: A PANEL DOLS APPROACH
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Climatically factors has been affecting the agricultural sector in the world. Wheat production is one of them. It is an important crop because it is used basic food by many people. For this reason, climatic factors affecting yield need to be analyzed well. The aim of this research is to determine the long-term effect of temperature and precipitation on yield in Turkey. Provinces are divided into two groups as drought (60 provinces) and non-drought (15 provinces). Panel Unit Root Test, Panel Cointegration Analysis, and Panel Dynamic Ordinary Least Squares (DOLS) analysis were performed using the panel data set. The results have shown that climatic factors have long-term effects on yield. For this reason, it is considered important to reduce the risks of using the appropriate varieties according to temperature and precipitation conditions. On the other hand, as a policy of the country, actions to make a positive contribution to the climate change process should be regulated.