THE NEXUS OF CO2 EMISSION, POPULATION, AGRICULTURAL AREA SIZE, GDP AND ENERGY USE IN TURKEY
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Greenhouse gas effect is known as the main cause of global warming and climate change. There are many factors that cause greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. In this study, the relationship with CO2 emissions of energy use, GDP, agricultural area size and population in Turkey was examined. The research has gained a more original character by investigating the effect of agriculture. In the study, time series analyses were used. The series included the years between 1995 and 2016. ADF, JCT, OLS, FMOLS, CCR and GCT tests were conducted. According to the results obtained, it was determined that the variables has cointegrated in the long run. Nevertheless, it can be said that both long-term and short-term energy use and population are effective factors on greenhouse gas emission. For this reason, it is important to increase investments in renewable energy sources. Individuals, on the other hand, will be able to make a positive contribution to this process by directing the applications to the environment, which will reduce environmental pressure in both consumption and daily life cycle. The measures to be taken related to his issue can be considered as a driving factor in some laws of government and in the action plans of the relevant ministries.