GENETIC VARIATION IN HONEY BEE (Apis mellifera L.) POPULATIONS FROM BULGARIA
AuthorIvanova, Evgeniya N.
Emmanouel, Nicholas G.
Tunca, Rahsan Ivgin
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Genetic variation of honey bee populations from 9 different locations of Bulgaria was studied using 4 enzymic systems (MDH, ME, EST and ALP) corresponding to 4 genetic loci and PCR-RFLP's analysis of 16s rDNA, COI, and ND5 gene segments of mtDNA. Allozyme analysis revealed that all loci were polymorphic in almost all studied populations. The observed heterozygosity was found to range from 0.146 to 0.258, and Nei's genetic distance between 0.006 and 0.057 among the populations. Bulgarian honey bees are clustered into three groups in neighbor-joining and UPGMA dendrograms. The Pomorie and Slivovik populations are in a separate clade while all other populations are grouped together. The mtDNA analyses revealed no variation in the Bulgarian honey bees. A comparison was made of the results of similar analyses on honey bees from the neighboring countries of Greece and Turkey. The results showed that honey bee populations from Bulgaria and Greece considered to belong to A. m. macedonica subspecies are discriminating, which means the bees show differences.