COMPARISON OF MICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF WETLANDS AREAS TO SOME SOIL CHARACTERISTICS
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The Eastern Mediterranean Region is described as the richest region in terms of wetlands and in this study aimed to examined the microbiological characteristics of the wetland lands of Amik, Gavur and Golbasi Lakes in Eastern Mediterranean Region. The relationships between total microorganism counts and some soil characteristics of 3 different wetland lands in the Eastern Mediterranean region have been determined. As a result of the biological analyzes carried out on three different wetland soils; the highest number of total actinomycetes were found from microorganisms in the field soils, this is followed by the moment of total algae, total bacteria and the total fungi. It was first observed that microbial activity in the soil of Amik Lake, where the most degradation was caused by drying, decreased. In the same area, the total amount of fungi, bacteria, algae and actinomycetes was found to be the lowest in this study. It has been found that the total amount of fungi, bacteria and actinomycetes in the soil of Gavur Lake, which has been degraded to moderate level, is the highest value. It has been observed that the total amount of algae is the highest in the Golbasi Lakes, which is still partially preserving its wetland characteristics. As a result, it has been determined that all microorganism groups in the Gavur and Golbasi Lake areas are considerably higher than Amik Lake soil, which has undergone decaying, based on the lands in the lake. There were statistical relations between total fungi with the soil organic matter (r= 0.432**), percent saturation (r= 0.555***), soil reaction (r= -0.526***), plastic limit (r= 0.413**) and liquid limit (r= 0.414**) values. There was a positive relationship between total algae with organic matter (r= 0.541***), and negative relations with soil reaction (r= -0.484***). It was determined that there was a positive correlation between the total actinomycet and the plastic limit and the liquid limit (r= 0.437**, r= 0.362*), which is negative between bulk weight and hydraulic conductivity (r= -0.360*, r= -0.381**).