Can monocyte to HDL cholesterol ratio and monocyte to lymphocyte ratio be markers for inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with vitiligo? A preliminary study
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CitationDemirbaş, A., Elmas, Ö. F., Atasoy, M., Türsen, Ü., & Lotti, T. (2021). Can monocyte to HDL cholesterol ratio and monocyte to lymphocyte ratio be markers for inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with vitiligo? A preliminary study. Archives of Dermatological Research, 313(6), 491-498.
Both systemic inflammation and oxidative stress play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. In recent studies, monocyte to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR), monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), mean platelet volume (MPV) and plateletcrit (PCT) have been shown to reflect inflammation and oxidative stress in chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the hematological and inflammatory parameters in patients with vitiligo and to evaluate their possible relationship with disease severity. The parameters including MHR, MLR, NLR, PLR, MPV, and PCT were retrospectively investigated in patients with vitiligo and healthy controls. Disease severity was evaluated using the vitiligo extent tensity index (VETI) score. A total of 180 patients with vitiligo, and age-gender-matched 180 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. MHR, MLR, PLR, PCT values were found to be significantly higher in patients with vitiligo (p < 0.05). MPV and NLR values showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups. A positive correlation was also detected between MHR and MLR values, disease duration, and VETI score (p < 0.05). We suggest that MHR and MLR can be used as markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with vitiligo. Both markers may also reflect disease severity.