Synthesis, molecular conformation, vibrational, electronic transition, and chemical shift assignments of 4-(thiophene-3-ylmethoxy)phthalonitrile: a combined experimental and theoretical analysis
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This work presents the synthesis and characterization of a novel compound, 4-(thiophene-3-ylmethoxy)phthalonitrile (TMP). The spectroscopic properties of the compound were examined by FT-IR, FT-Raman, NMR, and UV techniques. FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra in solid state were observed in the region 4000-400 cm(-1) and 3500-50 cm(-1), respectively. The H-1 and C-13 NMR spectra were recorded in CDCl3 solution. The UV absorption spectrum of the compound that dissolved in THF was recorded in the range of 200-800 nm. The structural and spectroscopic data of the molecule in the ground state were calculated using density functional theory (DFT) employing B3LYP exchange correlation and the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The vibrational wavenumbers were calculated and scaled values were compared with experimental FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra. The complete assignments were performed on the basis of the experimental results and total energy distribution (TED) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanics (SQM) method. Isotropic chemical shifts (C-13 NMR and H-1 NMR) were calculated using the gauge-invariant atomic orbital (GIAO) method. A study on the electronic properties, such as HOMO and LUMO energies, were performed by time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) approach. The HOMO and LUMO analyses have been used to elucidate information regarding charge transfer within the molecule. Comparison of the calculated frequencies, NMR chemical shifts, absorption wavelengths with the experimental values revealed that DFT method produces good results.