Characterization of poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofiber mats by electrospinning process
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In this study, the aim is to describe the influence of electrospinning parameters on the morphology, the water wetting property and dye adsorption property of poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofiber mats. Specifically, the effects of solution concentration, solvent type, applied voltage, distance between the electrodes and particulate reinforcement on the diameter and shape of the nanofibers were investigated. All poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofiber mats contained beaded nanofiber structures. With increasing the polymer solution concentration, the average fiber diameter also increased. Poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofiber mat electrospun from dimethylformamide solution resulted in thicker fibers when compared with the mat electrospun from acetone solution. Increasing the electric potential difference between the collector and the syringe tip did not increase the average fiber diameter. Besides increasing the distance between the electrodes resulted in a decrease in the average fiber diameter. When compared with PMMA nanofiber mat, thicker fibers were obtained with silica nanoparticles reinforced nanofiber mat. According to the water contact angle measurements, all poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofiber mats revealed hydrophobic surface property. PMMA nanofiber mat with the highest water contact angle gave rise to the highest dye adsorption capacity.