Effects of isothermic crystalloid coload on maternal hypotension and fetal outcomes during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: A randomized controlled trial
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: Spinal anesthesia induced hypotension (SAIH) is a common occurrence during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section resulting in perturbing effects on maternal and fetal outcomes. Previous studies conducted to attenuate SAIH focused on the timing of intravenous fluid infusion and demonstrated the superiority of coload strategy on traditional preload strategy but neither of them focused on the effect of the temperature of crystalloid infused on SAIH and fetal outcomes. The current study aimed to assess the effect of the temperature of the crystalloid infused with coload strategy on the incidence of SAIH and fetal outcomes. Materials and methods: Seventy-six parturients were enrolled into the study and data of 60 parturients were analyzed. Patients were randomly assigned to receive crystalloid coload at room temperature (Group RT, n = 30) or warmed at 37 degrees C (Group W, n = 30). The incidence of hypotension, cumulative hypotension episodes, heart rate, core body temperature, ephedrine dose, and fetal outcomes were recorded. Results: There was no significant difference in the incidence of maternal hypotension, cumulative hypotension episodes, and ephedrine dose (p = 0,625, p = 0,871, p = 0,460 respectively). Umbilical arterial pH and fetal Apgar scores at first and fifth minutes were higher in Group W than in Group RT (p = 0.013, p = 0.006 and p = 0.045 respectively). One fetus in Group RT but none in Group W had umbilical arterial pH lower than seven. Fetal birth weight and rectal temperature measurements were comparable in both groups (p = 0.639 and p = 0.675 respectively). Demographic data, patient characteristics, and surgery data were comparable between groups. Conclusions: Isothermic crystalloid coload strategy results in higher umbilical pH values and Apgar scores in parturients scheduled for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia. (C) 2019 Taiwan Association of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Publishing services by Elsevier B.V.