The Turkish Version of Pain Assessment in Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) Scale
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Introduction: This study was conducted to test the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the "Pain Assessment In Advanced Dementia (PAINAD) Scale". Methods: One hundred and six older adults with advanced dementia (AD) were recruited in the study. Detailed medical history and demographic data of the participants were recorded. Initially, the Turkish version of PAINAD (PAINAD-TR), which was prepared by means of "back-translation", was applied. Along with this scale, Mini Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, and Visual Analog Scale were also used. Results: The Cronbach's a coefficient was 0.82 and 0.85 for the test and re-test, respectively. For the test-retest reliability of the PAINAD-TR scale, values of the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 0.812 and 0.763-0.850 respectively. According to the results of a factor analysis carried out on the scale, a 2-domain structure was proved. Conclusion: The PAINAD-TR scale can be used for the assessment and management of pain in non-communicative older adults with AD.